What is COVID-19?
SARS-CoV-2 is a new virus from the family Coronavirus initially discovered in China in December 2019. The virus causes acute viral respiratory disease. The virus spreads from person to person, touch and respiratory droplets (coughing, sneezing, etc.).
The initial experiences show that elderly and chronically ill are exposed to higher risk of complications and severe forms of disease. The incubation period is 14 days during which the infected do not show any symptoms, but can transmit the virus to other people.
All passengers coming from high-and medium-risk countries should be in self-isolation within 14 days in their homes and to report themselves to the authorities should they feel any symptoms.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
The initial symptoms in people infected with COVID-19 are:
1. Fever and high body temperature;
2. Dry cough;
3. Difficulties in breathing.
The disease may cause severe complications that may disrupt the function of:
• Respiratory organs;
• Cardiovascular system;
The disease can vary from mild to severe from with possible fatal consequences. The treatment of the diseased is palliative and symptomatic. At this moment there is no antivirus therapy or vaccine available for prevention from COVID-19.
How to protect from COVID-19?
- Wash your hands frequently using soap and water, longer than 1 minute; cover all parts of the hands and fingers;
- Avoid close contact with ill people or people who have returned from travel to high- and medium-risk countries;
- Use disinfectants or alcohol-based tissues;
- When coughing or sneezing, cover your nose and mouth with disposable tissues and dispose of the used tissue immediately into a safe place. If you do not have a tissue, cover your nose and mouth with your bent elbow;
- Follow the recommendations issued by the Ministry of Health and inform yourselves regularly from the competent institutions regard news and directions.
What if you suspect that you have COVID-19?
According to the recommendations and protocols of the Infectious Diseases Committee, all passengers arriving from regions of risk, as well as the ones who are in self-isolation should, immediately after feeling any symptoms characteristic for COVID-19, call the contact phones within the epidemiology services that are available on the territory of the whole country. The measures have been introduced since the very beginning and it is highly recommended for all citizens not to visit their general practitioner in order to avoid situations of direct contact and risk with possibly infected patients.
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